Which fish can live in the aquarium

The aquarium is beautiful. And useful for psychological health. So your tank was beautiful, and you get the pleasure of observing its inhabitants, find out what kind of fish you can get. That’s what we will tell

Aquarium fish

Breeding some species of fish for decorative purposes began in Ancient China around 1500 BC, Since then many scientists have succeeded in hybridization of aquarium fish and even brought a few new breeds.

Today in the aquariums of many fans and professionals to meet representatives of the following families:

Cichlids

Carp

Bellieve

Characins

Aderinoye

Pomacentridae

Toothcarps

Labyrinth

Donaciinae

Som

Sturgeon.

About the most common representatives of each of them we say a few words.

Cichlids

Numerous family of aquarium fish, consisting of about 50 species. The most famous breed of this family are angelfish . Angelfish in natural conditions live in South America in basins of the rivers Amazon and Orinoco. Body length up to 20 cm, and the height of the fish (including fins) can reach almost 30 cm In artificial usloviyakh sizes depend strongly on the size of the aquarium and rarely reach 10 cm.

Angelfish is one of the most “ancient” of aquarium rocks: they are bred for almost 100 years. As a result of years of breeding work today aquarium angelfish have very different coloration. They are striped, black, marble, gold, smoky, two – and three-color, green. As widespread veiltail form with more elongated fins.

Carp

Not less diverse than the cichlids, a family of unusually venerable history. Oldest representative of this family is aquarium of goldfish . She is Golden, or Chinese, carp. It is on the breeding of this ornamental rocks began to work the first ancient Chinese aquarists, taking advantage of the variability of carp in coloration and body shape. It was the first time goldfish imported in the mid-18th century.

Main color of body and fins reddish-Golden, but there are other varieties of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black-blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red.

These fish live quite a long time. There are two varieties: the long-bodied and Korotkaya. The first live much longer and with proper maintenance can easily accommodate up to 30 – 35 years, life expectancy is shorter than the second half – to 15 years.

Bellieve

The family is not so numerous, however, the representatives of his equally cute and loved by aquarists. One of the most famous species in this family of guppies . Wonderful beautiful fish of various colors.

In nature, the habitat of guppies – the Northern part of South America and the Islands of Barbados and Trinidad. It is considered that the guppies for the maintenance is very simple and unpretentious and it is for this reason that they often advise novice aquarists. In General, the way it is, but for many years it was displayed several varieties of guppies, pretty demanding conditions. It is necessary to remember, settling them in your aquarium.

Males guppies are much brighter and have not only beautiful pattern but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of females are short, the color is weak.

Another cute and widely distributed member of the family is swordsman . In nature this fish lives in Central America, southern Mexico and Guatemala. Inhabits mountain streams with rapid flow and in their lower reaches and in lakes, swamps, lagoons.

In these fishes there is one extremely interesting feature: some adult females, including repeatedly brought the fry can turn into males. To change the gender of these fish is influenced by changes in living conditions. Fish that has undergone such a change, to distinguish quite easily. It has preserved its typical female body shape, and fins developed significantly worse than the male. The same transformation male to female is still not met. Females who became males, in most cases, do not produce offspring.

Characins

Representatives of this family, many will likely be familiar with the neon fish . The coloration of these fish can be green, blue, dark blue, black and red. In aquariums fish live up to 5 years.

Neon green lives in slowly flowing streams and lentic water bodies of the river basin of the Rio Negro. Homeland neon red is Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia. Mostly it occurs in shallow forest streams and lakes of the upper reaches of the Rio Negro, and Orinoco tributaries. In the territory of the former USSR neon red first came in 1961. Neon black lives in slowly flowing rivers and standing waters of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay. In Europe these fish were first introduced in 1961, the Soviet Union in 1963.

Aderinoye

One of the famous Russian aquarists representatives of this family – the donaciinae trehpolosaya . Homeland donaciinae trehpolosaya – bodies of water North of Australia. Of all the rainbowfishes are the most beautiful and colorful fish.

Body colour is largely dependent on the habitat of the fish and its origin. In her colors meet colors: Golden, yellow, red, green, black and azure, with each tone can vary. In bright light the scales of a fish shimmers with a metallic luster. On the sides are three strips – hence the name. In natural conditions donaciinae trehpolosaya may reach 18 cm, in the aquarium grows up to 10 cm.

Other families of aquarium fish we will tell you in next time. We wish to novice aquarists success in their wonderful, complex and fascinating hobby .

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