Dangerous marine animals
The Scorpion, sea ruff. Body length up to 40 cm large Head with thick lips and wide mouth (Fig. 15). The eyes are set high and close together. On the sides and at the head there is a bright growths, and warts. The usual color of the body brownish and reddish. On the back, flanks and belly are greenish-gray marble and brown spot. On the fins and the Gill covers are spikes and thorns. In front of the dorsal fin has 11 spiny rays. In the anal fin of the beam is provided with three barbed stings. Scorpion fish are common in coastal waters, in areas with rocky bottom, many of the seas and oceans in different latitudes. Live in the Black sea. It is a sedentary bottom fish. Injections are more dangerous tropical species of the bet.
Fig. 15. The Scorpion, or sea ruff
Sea dragon, sea snake, Scorpion. Body length: 50 cm Body long, laterally compressed (Fig. 18). Second dorsal and anal fins are long. The eyes are set high and close together. Color is dark yellow, on the sides of the dark bands. Poisonous glands are 6 spines dorsal fin (usually dark color) and in the spines of their Gill covers. This fish often burrow into the sand and therefore hard to read on the bottom. Common in coastal waters of temperate and tropical latitudes. Tropical species are the most poisonous.
Fig. 18. Weeverfish
Poisoning symptoms after injections of thorns and spikes razlichayushchiesya fish and the sea dragon similar. Immediately after the injection there is a sharp burning pain. The intensity of the pain is so great that the victim yells or loses consciousness. The pain continues at the injection site for several hours. The skin around the wound is initially pale, then cyanotic and inflamed. After some time the area of the wound and the whole affected part swollen. If you prick the hand or foot the pain gradually spreads to the entire limb. In some cases paralysis of the affected limb. Other symptoms may be: heart failure, convulsions, fever, delirium, nausea, joint pain, respiratory distress and other Symptoms of poisoning to build up over the 6-8 hours it can be fatal.
When treatment is necessary to neutralize the poison, ease the suffering and to prevent development of secondary infection. Apply a tourniquet above the place of injection, but as close to it as soon as possible after the accident. After some time, weaken the harness. Preferably the affected limb is placed in hot water for 30 minutes to 1 hour, as the poison is destroyed at high temperature. If you prick your chest, abdomen or face you want to apply hot compresses. In the water you can add a small amount of sulphate of magnesia. Good novocaine blockade carried out in the first 10-15 min after injury.
There is another method of treatment is ice. In this case, also impose a plait, and then the affected limb with a bandage immersed for 5-10 min in ice water. After that the tourniquet is removed, and the limb left in ice water for 2 hours.
Definitely need to do the tetanus vaccine. If you suspect the possibility of infection need to use antibiotics.
With the development of clinical signs of heart failure, breathing problems used heart drugs, respiratory stimulants, tranquillizers, etc.
If you need to pick up a poisonous fish should wear thick gloves. When swimming or underwater activities in the habitats of these fish you need to wear shoes or flippers with the closed heel.
The sting ray or sea cat. Stingrays – one of the most numerous groups of rays and about 30 species. The sizes of these fish are different. So, giant hvostokol reaches a length of 2.5 m. the Trunk stingrays has a discoid shape, the tail is whip-like, long (Fig. 19). The body is naked, only on the back there are small spikes. The basic color is grayish-brown, greenish, but, in General, the color variability of these fish are great. The belly is white. Tail length up to 2 / 3 of body length. On the tail, closer to its basis, is the spike (or spikes), which have poisonous glands. Tongue length can reach 30 cm Edge of the stud have the teeth directed towards its base. Fish bottom. Lives in coastal waters of all latitudes. In tropical latitudes are found the largest specimens of rays. Usually on man hvostokol does not attack itself, and most accidents wittingly or unwittingly caused by people. The wounds of rays, can be considerable and are accompanied by symptoms of poisoning. It is estimated that in the U.S. each year, about 1,500 people suffer from attacks of rays. Often, the person comes on the rays, lying motionless in shallow water and camouflaged with sand, and the fish immediately strikes the tail, so in the places of their permanent residence to move better dragging your feet along the bottom. This reduces the danger of stepping on a Stingray and scares him.
Fig. 21. Eel-like catfish
Reef, or the coral and fish. This is a large group of very colorful and brightly colored fish found in some areas of the World ocean, mainly in tropical and subtropical latitudes, in areas of coral reefs. This group includes representatives of families (Chirurgie, skarbie, detinatorii, etc.). Each of these families consists of 30 genera, including several species.
Fish-surgeons. Body length: 50 cm Body high, strongly compressed laterally. The eyes are large, set high. Mouth transverse, small. Dorsal fin hard rays (Fig. 22). Color yellowish-brown. Some species are colored very brightly: on the bright side longitudinal and transverse bands, spots. The coloration varies considerably. On both sides of the caudal peduncle are laterally compressed, pointed surgical knife like spikes, which in an emergency are discharged to the outside, causing the wound grabbing them by the tail person. These fish inhabit the coastal waters of tropical latitudes, especially in areas of coral reefs.