Freshwater tropical fish

Freshwater tropical fish, as their name suggests, originate in freshwater rivers and lakes in the warmer parts of the world, especially in South America and Central Africa.

There are literally tens of thousands of species of freshwater tropical fish with new ones. find almost every day. With such a vast variety of fish, each living in its own special environment, it’s easy to see why the owners of the fish is never lost for new areas to learn and new problems to possess.

The names of the fish.

All fish classified by the ‘binomial system’ (two names). First have a last name or generic name should always be written with initial capital letters. This is accompanied by the species name/s – which should always all be written by lowercase letters, (both names ideally all in italics).

Thus tetrazona Barbus and Barbus oligolepis are two different species within the genus Barbus. Most fish do, however, also has an easier common name. Barbus tetrazona, for example, commonly known as the Prong or Prongs of the Sumatran Tiger.

There are more than twenty families usually contained freshwater and tropical fish within each family can be thousands of species – often living in chilenoticias the environment. Family Cichlidae (cichlids), for example, do you think there are more than 1,000 different varieties, available only in some large African lakes.

The main families.

While there are more than twenty families of freshwater tropicals, most fish of interest to the aquarist are members of one of the following eight families.

Family Anabantidae.

Anabantoids are generally distinguished by the fact that they have a ‘labyrinth chamber’, a special organ that allows them to breathe atmospheric air which they must have to survive. The native waters of South-East Asia and Africa, most of the families there are ‘feelers’ – modified pelvic fins which they use to locate food in dark waters. Most also create a ‘bubble nest’ to spawn. Examples of family include gourami, Siamese Fighting Fish and Paradise Fish.

Family Callichthyidae.

Better known as catfish – probably the most popular tropical fish among people passionate about their hobby. While the majority is hardy, adaptable bottom-feeders, they require that random big SIPS of air helped add to their valley.

Catfish is also night and strives in the dim light. In Corydoras, one of the most popular types of aquarium, there is a bony plate along the side of their body. Another catfish deceived mouths that allow them to set on the rocks in the wilderness, which they use to hurt the algae from the glass sides of the aquarium.

Family Characidae.

Characins is one of the largest families of freshwater tropical fish, originating from Africa, North America and South America. All Characins have teeth, but without barbels or whiskers. Many also have a little extra fatty fin on the back of the main part of their body. Because of their habits of learning Characins, such as Tetras, is often kept in numbers in a single species tank.

Family Cichlida.

Most cichlid is carnivorous and territorial and has a reputation to be aggressive. Many varieties, however, very popular and ideal for the aquarium. The family occurs naturally throughout North America and South America and throughout most of Africa especially in the Great lakes Malawi and Tanganyika.

Family Cobitidae.

Usually known as loaches, this is the family the Foundation of living fish. Their mouths have feelers to help locate food and their bodies often have defensive erectile dorsal ridges. They are widely found in Asia, Europe and parts of Africa.

Family Cyprinidae.

Although a large family of fishes, Cyprinids, which include Barbs, Rasboras, Danios and Minnows, generally have barbs which allow them the kind of food from the base. The family also includes cold water species such as goldfish as well as those who need a warm tropical waters.

Family Cyprinodontidae.

Found in Africa, North America and South America and Asia, it is the family of Killifishes or Egg Laying Toothcarps. Because they sometimes predatorial on smaller fish, care must be taken when introducing them into multi-species aquarium. They prefer slightly acidic water.

Family Poecilidae.

This is the family of the Live Bearing Tooth Carps – small fishes such as Guppies, Swordtails, Mollies and swordtails. As the name implies, this family produces living young, which are capable of swimming and feeding right after birth.

Choosing Your Fish.

There are two main areas that You should consider. First, there is a limit to the number of fish Your aquarium can sustain without putting pressure on the Oxygen levels in water and levels of pollution that create fish.

You must also remember that fish grow and as they do, will have even more pressure on their environment. The best advice is to always start with only a few fish and add more over several months. As a rough guide allow approximately 20 inches combined length of the body of the fish for each square foot of surface water. Wide You should not exceed 60 inches of fish.

The second consideration is the habit of the fish. In their natural environment fish are in a completely other life, and these natural habits will show themselves in Your aquarium. In a multiple aquarium You might, therefore, want to have fish that live and feed at all levels are the main consumers, such as. mid water feeders such as Barbs, and fish that live and feed on the base of the tank, such as Catfish.

Buy Your Fish.

Buy locally if possible. A long journey and fall water temperatures on the way home can easily stress Your fish. If You later have problems, also a lot easier to solve them if Your fish supplier is nearby.

Select a water retailer with a good supply and variety of fish they have. more likely the knowledge specialist. Check that fish are properly isolated prior to sale. The disease often takes several weeks to show, and fish, not isolated, can easily introduce diseases that infect all of Your fish.

Look at the fish carefully. Check that they are swimming peacefully and not rubbing against the tank glass – often a sign of infestation.

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