How to make a pond in the garden
Summer heat, muggy haze wavers over garden beds – what are you dreaming now? Maybe on a small private pond? Nice and cool, the shimmer of the water, the silent lapping of the fish, dived under the water Lily leaf… All this is very feasible!
Under current law, landowners have the right in its sole discretion at their boundaries to carry out the construction of underground facilities for their needs up to a depth of five meters, and the installation and operation of household wells and wells in the first aquifer, which is not a source for centralized water supply. Organizing your garden pond, you should guide no more, no less, and the water code of the Russian Federation! So you have to take care of the hygiene standards, so it is better if the pond will be waterproofed, and, thus, of the object of water rights will become a regular water tank, which you are free to organise at their discretion.
If you plan to drain the water from it (for example, in winter), it is better to devote to the pond elevated plot. Moreover, in the lowland may be impounded groundwater, but the groundwater pressure head would simply destroy any waterproofing. Most of the water plants cancelable, so be sure to arrange a pond in Otkrytaya.
Mark on the ground the outline of the pond using a thick rope for holding the rope and curves with pegs for straight lines. Then on the markup, cut the grass and remove the soil to a depth of about 30 cm there are a pond and a terrace width of about 30 cm then remove the soil from the Central part of the pond, a depth of a meter for the pond. Do not try to make it very large, diameter about five feet. Check the level by means of a Board horizontal surfaces of terraces, where necessary, add or remove excess soil.
Waterproofing – it may be a tight plastic film, or a special, more reliable and durable membrane for waterproofing of reservoirs (PVC or rubber film). First place a film on the surface of the earth on a Sunny day, she quickly warms up and becomes elastic. Then place it over the pit, checking that the center of the film coincided with the center of the pond next. Just fix the edges with stones or other materials at hand, and start to gently pour the water on film. As the film will SAG, clear its edges, allowing it to cling to the sides and the bottom of the pit. The film will surely repeat its contour. When the water level will be at 5 cm below ground level, stop water flow. The edge of the film lay in neat folds and trim with scissors, leaving a strip in width of 15 cm Wooden or metal studs attach the edges of the film to the ground.
You can make and durable pond with concrete bottom. For this the earth well tamped and spread quarry stone. After that, a layer of approximately 10 cm stack and smooth down the concrete with a trowel. It is important that in the process of laying concrete in not hit the ground – this will make it fragile and reduce the level of waterproofing. For reservoirs made of concrete typically use a high cement brands (not less than “400”). In the case of use of cement of low grades after shvatyvanija concrete bottom and walls of the pool should be coated on the inside with cement mortar 1 cm thick and thoroughly wipe the metal grater. For this operation the cement slurry must consist of one part cement high marks and two parts fine washed river sand.
The edge of the pond can be paved with tiles, natural stone, brick, and would be better if the stones are a little to hang over the water. They should be laid horizontally, strictly on the level, bonding with mortar. Should be careful to ensure that mortar does not enter the water, since fish and most plants will not survive in an alkaline environment. After finishing work be sure to check the water with pH strips, it has become light pink. Bluish hues suggest that before you populate your pond water will have, unfortunately, change. The gaps between stones can be filled with stone chippings or pieces of tile.
Ideal plants for a garden pond is water lilies. Their floating leaves pritenyayut water, closing sunlight access in-depth, and, thus, not allowing them to multiply in stagnant water single-celled algae that give the water an unpleasant greenish tint. Lilies love the sun, so nearby should not be thick trees and bushes. Especially because of the falling leaves from adjacent trees settles to the bottom and peregnivaya, emit poisonous gases, in particular methane. Should not be tempted by the opportunity to make a pond under a pine tree – its needles emit tannic acid, which stained the water a dark color and oppressed plants. From the wind a pond can protect the high coastal plants, for example yellow iris and meadowsweet.