Marine flora and fauna is not always harmless.
Come welcome the holiday and you pack your bags to enjoy swimming and sunbathing on the beach. You didn’t come that summer vacation can be marred by unexpected circumstances that are hazardous to your health. To avoid them, stock up on the necessary knowledge. Then summer will be unforgettable for you, in the best sense of the word.
They monitor the cleanliness of the water and in the case of a threat to warn tourists about the dangers as well as clean the waters from poisonous animals and plants.
You will be confronted with this scourge or not is unknown. But better to know in advance what is the face of the enemy.
Jellyfish. These marine beauties annually spoil the bathing season millions of tourists. As a rule, they are nailed to the shore after the storm, and in Asian countries during the rainy season. In Tunisia, avoid contact with the black jellyfish, which is one of the most dangerous. While vacationing in the Canary Islands, fear of “Portuguese ship” – a jellyfish with a red crest and multicolored bubble-sail.
The harmless jellyfish are found only in the native Black sea. However, their touch is pleasant not to mention: skin burns, itches and reddens. Remove from its surface the remains of the burning “of Brawn” and treat the affected obustroenny acetic acid or alcohol.
But it is not necessary to rinse the damaged area with water – neither salt nor fresh. The sea will revive withered stinging cells, and by contact with fresh water they will explode, heavily exuding poison.
Sea urchins. These prickly pranksters can be found in the sand, on the rocks or in coral reefs of warm seas (for example, on the Aegean coast of Turkey, Croatia and Egypt). Unlike other representatives of poisonous fauna, the needles of most sea urchins do not contain harmful substances, but a shot of their rather painful. The greatest danger is the hedgehog, nicknamed the diadem. Its a shot fraught with painful shock and temporary paralysis.
Starfish. With regard to these nobles, most of them are completely harmless, except, perhaps, acanthaster (crown of thorns). He lives in coral thickets and has eight rays (the stars are usually harmless five) with spikes on the ends. The angle of poisonous needles causes local inflammation and swelling, and vomiting, and dizziness.
If the needle sea urchin or a star stuck in your arm or leg, dip it in hot water, then carefully remove the “thorn”. Then don’t forget to treat the wound with antiseptic and somewhere during the day take care not began festering.
Poisonous algae. Threat to human health substances. secreted by them, are the reason for the closure of beaches around the world.
Particularly dangerous cause suffocation “cotton” algae (Ostreopsis ovata), which is in the Mediterranean sea by Japanese in 1982. In the case of infection that is accompanied by fever and problems breathing, seek immediate medical attention.
Corrally. To stay close to the corals only in special shoes. In General, if you come to an unfamiliar place, often look at his feet. The venom of most coral is non-toxic to humans and causes only a small burn and blisters on the skin.
However, some of them are very dangerous representatives, contact with which will lead to more sad consequences. If burned, treat the skin food vinegar and apply the liniment sintomitsina.
Dangerous shellfish. On the beautiful coral reefs await you are very beautiful, but angry clams-cones. Nature has endowed them with just one tooth, but it is deadly. The pain is unbearable and toxins entering the bloodstream, first cause all the symptoms of poisoning, and in the absence of skilled assistance can lead to death by suffocation. If you don’t resist and stroked a poisonous mollusc, and he took it and grabbed, put on this place is tight bandage. Take a moment to lie down and immediately call your doctor.
Tropical fish. Beware of them, especially colorful. Yellow or red, blue, or purple, such “beauty” is poisoned every cell of his small body. There are many poisonous fish in the Red sea. Their bite you can be saved only by timely medical aid.
Stingrays. Represent a particular danger for you. Usually, they swim to shore and bury themselves in the sand, putting out only his tail. On the sand it can be mistaken for a pebble and stepping by accident.
Small ringed octopus. They live in shallow waters in the Indian ocean. Get around these “friends” tenth expensive! The injection causes paralysis of the muscles that can lead to death.
Sea dragons. They can be found in warm coastal waters. Dragons tend to burrow into the sand in the tidal zones, so just stick the needle on the back and gills. However, their venom is fast acting and very toxic. If urgent measures are not taken, can lead to respiratory paralysis. Immediately seek medical attention.