When and how to feed the fish?
The fish in the ponds begin to feed in may. Feed fish when the water temperature in the pond will reach the food threshold 12-15C and will last like this for half a day. At this time it is necessary to give not more than 5% of the total feed, calculated for the vegetation season. You must first give small portions of food to attract the fish to the table and to accustom to the feed. To feed at this time, fish 2 times a day, the daily dose of feed to share equally. The most favorable and convenient time for feeding fish 12-13 hours and 18 hours.
Need to identify sites for the feeders. Feeders can be of different designs. The most convenient are smokorowski, which allow to significantly save pelleted feed. Feed tables, the just option can be made independently. To manufacture feed for the fish tables, square trays with their heavy wood, or stainless metal (50×50 cm),height of sides 4 cm and the hole for the pole in the center. In the pond it is necessary to organize at least 4 tables. On the surface the tables can be lifted using the nylon thread.
How to feed pond fish?
For feeding pond fish there are numerous a variety of granular animal feeds and feed mixes. The most common are the feed for carp. the granules are mostly 1-3 and 3-6 mm. is also used to feed carmeneiro that 85% of their feed of plant origin,9% yeast, or ingredients of animal origin,4% of the ballast feed or bran, vitamins, protein supplements, minerals.
You can prepare the feed for the fish . To obtain 100 gr. dry mix feed needs 40 gr.oat flakes”Hercules”, which was steamed and poured for 15-20 minutes cold water 250 ml. of 15 gr. beans, beans peas, beans mince, 10 gr. herbaceous plants (meadow grass, dandelion, spinach, lettuce).After add some crushed egg shells or calcined in a furnace or oven bone 5 gr. add 2 oz. chalk,10 gr. semolina, dried Daphnia, Cyclops, bloodworms 10 oz.,5 gr. boiled potatoes, multivitamin “Undevit” 1 tablet,0,4 gr. gelatin. All components are mixed and passed through a meat grinder. Prepared feed can be stored at a temperature of 5-10C in plastic bags no more than 1 week.
Karpov fish to 10% of the ration, can replace stale bread. Once a week you can feed porridge. welded on the water.
To enrich the diet of the fish can be minced small and inedible fish (whitebait, bleak) that you can prepare in advance, to pickle, to freeze. Kept this fish long term. Non-food fish is introduced into the standard feed in the following quantities – salted fish of 1.5% and frozen to 20% canned 10%.
Very good for the growth of fish is affected by the paste of green vegetation, which is introduced in the feed to 30%.Make a paste of plant material from different aquatic and aerial plants.100gr. a paste of herbs contains 4-8% protein,and 0,5-1% fat,10-20% cellulose,65-80% water. A paste of herbs is considered a good prophylactic against anemia, whereas deficiency of protein, vitamins, minerals. very useful nettle leaves, dandelion, plantain, lettuce was tied to the sinker and lower into the pond.
Almost 25% of the daily diet of the fish consists of live foods – infusoria, Daphnia, Artemia. Ciliates live well at a temperature of 0-40C, can breed in any container installed near the pond. At a temperature of 20-25 C. ciliates are able to share up to 5 times per day.
To grow Daphnia necessary to dig a pit near the pond or pool with a depth of 0.5 meters. Crustaceans Daphnia kept at the walls of the reservoir. The water must drain before adding to the pool crustaceans. After the water settles, it is necessary to bring fodder yeast 16 g/m3,after 3-4 days, the dose is reduced in 2 times, we perform this procedure is necessary until the efflorescence of the water. To obtain 1 kg. Daphnia need 200 gr. yeast. Daphnia reproduce at water temperatures of 8-10C.Matures within 20 days. To catch Daphnia need a net and strain through a metal sieve. Larger crayfish must be returned to the pool. Constantly need to enrich the food base of the pond from Danielou pit, but it is necessary to pour water into it according to the quantity of flowing by gravity into the pond. In order to avoid filtering the bottom of the pit must be sealed with clay, lined with peat, cement or cover with polyethylene. To power such organisms compost is grass clippings, mixed with manure, this mixture is placed on the bottom of the pit and covered with a layer of unslaked lime, and top soil. Daphnia when the pit is filled with water to make it 1 kg of fresh manure and 10 gr.Daphnia per 1 m3.manure is added after 7-10 days in the calculation of 0.5 kg per 1 meter. The bridge between the pond and pit destroy in 2-3 weeks, with water Daphnia fall into the pond.
How to feed the fish?
You need to watch how fish eat the food. Most precisely it is possible to determine the degree of palatability in 45-60 minutes after feeding. it is impossible to give in one sitting a lot of food. A new batch of feed should be put when eaten previous. Need a couple times per week to remove uneaten food feeders to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria. Always need to conduct monitoring of oxygen regime in the pond. when the oxygen content drops to 2 mg/l need to reduce the amount of feed given to the fish twice. Worse in the spring fish consume oxygen, this limits their ability to assimilate feed.
If the fish suffered any stress (shipping, transfer, sorting, preventive abortable) is not recommended to feed them for the full rules, because in this period the fish food inhibited the reaction.
To feed the fish must always fresh quality food. The shelf life of any feed can not exceed 6 months from the date of manufacture. The fish food should be stored in a dry, dark, cool, ventilated place to preserve the taste and prevent the destruction of vitamins. Bad, expired, poor-quality food can cause fish diseases(inflammation of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, gastroenteric).